Drawing techniques summary

February 27th, 2019 / Drawing Techniques

It’s time for the last post in our series of introductions to the art media. You can read all previous materials by clicking HERE

Meanwhile, let’s do today’s summary of drawing materials.

Medium:

Charocal, graphite, chalk, sepia and sanguine

Technique type:

drawing

Description:

drawing sticks very useful for drawing exercises

Pros:

Next to the pencil, the basic tools that should accompany us while learning the basics of drawing and sketching. They will be ideal for creating the first still lifes, portraits, anatomy studies.

Cons:

  • They can get dirty and dusty. They should be set by fixative, because they can fall of the paper, like eg dry pastels. The finished work can be framed in a frame with a passe partout (a box with a rectangular cutout separating the frame from work)
  • They do not create such a precise line as a pencil

Work techniques:

Presented materials can be smudged to create large spots or to draw them with lines. They are great for beginners who need universal, not expensive tools.

Another useful thing to keep in mind when using these media is to collect the dust created by sharpening sticks – it is very useful when shading. You can even use sandpaper to get more dust in less time.

You can also make it easier to create a sketch with charcoal powder. A jar of it can be bought in art stores.

charcoal drawing Turdus Concept

Medium:

Pencil

Technique type:

drawing

Description:

Stylus is a mixture of graphite and kaolin (sedimentary rock, “greasy” to touch and color from white to brown)

Pros:

One of the most basic and universal tools – from which you can start learning drawing

Cons:

Be careful not to smudge the work, you can protect your art with fixative or cheap hairspray

Work techniques:

Thanks to the appropriate proportions, different hardness of the pencils is obtained – we have about 24 hardnesses on the scale, however, manufacturers offer a different range of them. Pencils with the H symbol (hardeness) are hard pencils. The higher the number before the letter H, the harder the pencil. On the other hand, we have pencils B (blackness) Between these two scales are still pencils with symbols HB and F of moderate hardness and black. It is necessary to draw in such a way to mix individual hardnesses with each other creating many shades of tonal transitions.

my pencil sketches Turdus Concept

Medium:

Colored pencils

Technique type:

drawing

Description:

according to the dictionary, the colored pencil is a colored graphite in a wooden or plastic frame, used for drawing and writing

Pros:

  • I recommend to buy pencils at least from the middle shelf – it’s nicer to work with them, colors are easier to combine and blend. Pencil crayons do not have hardness markings. However, depending on the manufacturer, its recipe and composition used are different. Some are more oily, others are hard. Some definitely more pigmented, others blend better – combine with each other on a piece of paper.
  • You can get a variety of effects from highly realistic works with all the pores of the paper colored or work on a more fanciful, original line

Cons:

  • They can cause injuries to the wrist – using the crayons, we put enough emphasis on them
  • It’s harder than with the painting media to get a color that we do not have in the palette.

Work techniques:

  • Pencils are versatile and suitable not only for strictly drawing techniques. There is also color pencils painting, in which not only sketches and drawings can be created (with the help of their various types), but also works of a very painterly nature. It all depends on the way in which we decide to apply the pencils and what kind of them we will use, and as I wrote in the introduction, we have a lot to choose from.
  • We also have many ways to blend colour pencils and color all the pores of the page (as some people like) – you can use a blender (it’s a soft and colorless crayon that we draw on the colors that we want to combine), alcohol or olives for children. When using olives, it is important to watch out and not apply too much. In addition, it is better to use a paper with a higher basis weight.
crayons Turdus Concept

More detailed descriptions of individual art materials can be found by clicking the link with their name.

With this post we finish the media analysis and there is nothing else left for us to grab one of these tools and start working 🙂