Painting/drawing techniques-summary

February 20th, 2019 / Drawing Techniques, Painting Techniques

Time for the continuation of our summaries of artistic techniques. In the last post I discussed different types of paints, this time I describe materials on the borderline of painting and drawing techniques.

Medium:

Ink

Technique type:

drawing / painting

Description:

The ink is a water-based pigment paint – a suspension

Pros:

  • Some types of ink are waterproof after drying, which is a very big advantage if we combine it with other water techniques
  • You can use it in many different ways

Cons:

  • As in the case of watercolors, it is very difficult to correct errors
  • it is a very messy medium – be careful with it
  • some inks with the addition of thickeners can destroy the tools if you do not clean them after work

Work techniques:

This is a specific medium. We can paint and draw it, depending on the tools used: a brush, a nib or a rapidograph or even an airbrush. We can also use the ink in the form of a crayon.

Ink-created horse drawing Turdus Concept

Medium:

Oil pastels

Technique type:

drawing / painting

Description:

Like in oil paints the bainder is linsen oil. We may describe them as a paint in a form of crayon.

Pros:

  • Creamy consistency
  • Vivid, intense colors

Cons:

  • Be careful not to choose too thin substrate, or even prime it – because the oil contained in them can ugly stain a thin sheet.
  • Using oil pastels, forget about the eraser – it will not help you. This is unfortunately a technique that does not forgive mistakes easily. It is quite a difficult technique for beginners.

Work techniques:

  • they can be liquefied with linseed oil or turpentine and painted with them just like oil paints.
  • They also give similar application possibilities because they do not fall off like dry pastels. We can apply them in large quantities, creating even impastos (thick convex layers of paint with a brush texture). After finishing work, we can secure with oil pastel fixation or even with varnish for oil paints
  • We can combine them with oil painting and make with them, for example, first sketches.
  • Another technique that we can use to create this medium is the sgrafitto technique, which involves scratching with a sharp tool
oil pastels Turdus Concept

Medium:

Water pastels

Technique:

drawing / painting

Description:

when it comes to properties, they are very similar to oil pastels, but they can be dissolved in water.

Pros:

  • No need to use special media and solvents associated with oil media
  • Thick consistency – thicker than watercolor crayons – if someone likes denser paint, they can be more interesting.

Cons:

Personally, I haven’t used this medium yet, so I do not know it. If you’ve already work with them and know their disadvantages, let me know in the commentary

Work techniques:

They can be used like oil pastels – but I suspect that you can not make such thick invoices

watercolor pastels Turdus Concept

Medium:

Dry pastels

Technique:

drawing / painting

Description:

These are sticks made with pigment, binder and filler – chalk or plaster

all their varieties combine with each other

Pros:

  • Dry pastels give beautiful effects, delicate pastel colors.
  • Works of individual users are created, romantic character.

Cons:

  • it is a very unstable and quite difficult technique. Pastels are falling, dusting and dirty. The work can be secured with dry fixative paste or in the budget version, as the cheapest hairspray, but depending on the used substrate, colors, etc., the work may, for example, darken. Therefore, many creators decide to simply frame their work in glass, placing between the finished work and the passe partout window
  • Finished works should be protected against direct sunlight (they cause color fading) and moisture (mold problem may appear)

Work techniques:

soft – they have more filler, that’s why they come in more tonal shades, easier to grind, more dusty, easier to fall off,

hard – have more binder – gum tragacanth, easier to sharpen, it will be easier to use them to make a line than a stain, they are not so dusty,

pastel pencils – it is a pastel bound in wood, it is easier to keep them, prepare for them (because all kinds of pastels can be sharpened) – they are very useful for marking details,

pan pastels – they are pastels formed in pans, they have minimal amount of binder and we apply them with sponge tools.

dry pastels hadr Turdus Concept

Medium:

Watercolor crayons

Technique:

drawing / painting

Description: A watercolor surrounded by, for example, a wooden frame

Pros:

Very good for people who want to get used to water techniques

Cons:

It’s annoying that you should first apply it and then dilute it and when we break off the piece of graphite, we do not have as much pigment available, as in the middle of a watercolor cube

Work techniques:

You can use them in various ways – break, crumble core, soak them directly in the frame and use similarly to watercolor paints or cover with them a surface and only then dilute with water

Watercolor crayons Turdus Concept

In the next post we will go to drawing materials. In the meantime, let me know in a comment whether you used the above-mentioned techniques and did you like them? Which technique turned out to be your favorite? I’m very curious about that.